_Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Norovirus: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

What is Norovirus?

Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that causes gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It is often referred to as the "stomach flu" or "winter vomiting bug." Norovirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide, affecting people of all ages.

Causes of Norovirus

Norovirus is typically spread through contaminated food or water, or by coming into contact with surfaces or objects that have been contaminated with the virus. It can also be transmitted through close contact with an infected person, such as caring for someone who is sick or sharing food or utensils with them.

Symptoms of Norovirus

The symptoms of norovirus infection usually develop 12 to 48 hours after exposure to the virus and can include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Body aches

Prevention of Norovirus

To reduce the risk of norovirus infection, it is important to practice good hygiene, including:

  • Washing hands frequently with soap and water
  • Avoiding contact with people who are sick
  • Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with the virus
  • Avoiding food or water that may be contaminated
  • Properly washing fruits and vegetables before consuming them
  • Staying home from work, school, or other activities if you are sick

By taking these precautions, individuals can help prevent the spread of norovirus and reduce the risk of becoming infected.

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